Question: How Much Headroom Should I Leave For Mastering?

What is the 3dB rule?

3dB rule and maximum exposure to noise To put it in context, a worker exposed to a continuous sound intensity level of 83dB(A) for one hour would be exposed to the same amount as someone exposed to an 80dB(A) level for two hours..

Should you normalize before mastering?

Today, with stun levels, limiters, and maximizers being standard operating procedure, there is no way a track won’t go right up to your ceiling during processing, so normalizing is a thing of the past. And you certainly don’t want to do it before sending the tracks to mastering.

What volume level should I mix at?

A good rule of thumb is that your volume level should be low enough to allow for conversation without raising your voice.

How many dB is LUFS?

1 dBNaming and Units A relative measurement, such as a value that is relative to a reference level, LU as Loudness Unit (1 LU is 1 dB). An absolute measurement, LUFS as loudness unit referenced to full scale. 1 LUFS can be understood as 1 dB in the AES-17 scaling.

Is loudness penalty accurate?

Loudness Penalty gives you far more accurate feedback, typically within half a dB of the real-world values. No more guessing, no more trial and error.

How do I get more headroom in my mix?

3 Ways To Create More Headroom In Your MixNo Room To Mix. If you don’t leave enough headroom in your DAW then you really have to where to go with your mix. … Turn Your Tracks Down. This is the most obvious solution to the headroom quandary. … Use Your High Pass Filter Often. … Cut The Ugly Low Mids. … What’s Stealing Your Mix’s Headroom?

How do I leave headroom for mastering?

The loudest part of your song (peak level) should be around -3db to -5db (below 0 level). This is considered +3db to +5db of headroom. This is the ideal amount of headroom for mastering that you want to leave.

What dB to use for mastering?

Most mastering engineers recommend having the loudest part of a mix at –5 db from absolute ‘0’ dBFS. This means you should have the loudest section of the mix 5 db lower before the peak level of ‘0’. It is recommended to not go over ‘0’ dBFS on the master fader or individual tracks in the mix.

Should the vocals be louder than the beat?

Should Vocals be Louder than the beat? No and Yes! Well it depends on the genre and style you are mixing or what the song calls for. What you don’t want is a vocal poking out like a sore thumb in your song.

How loud should a beat be?

Now, for the customer, when an artist records on a beat, its very hard to do that when the beat is maxed out to 0db. … Always give your artists headroom for their mixing, so for me i usually keep my client copies at around -5 / -6 dB to allow enough headroom.

How loud is Spotify master?

Mastering tips for Spotify Target the loudness level of your master at -14 dB integrated LUFS and keep it below -1 dB TP (True Peak) max. This is best for the lossy formats we use (Ogg/Vorbis and AAC) and will ensure no extra distortion is introduced in the transcoding process.

What is proper gain staging?

Gain staging, or gain structuring, is the act of setting the gain for each amplification stage (gain stage) in a sound system to achieve a target system volume that minimizes noise and distortion. Said another way, proper gain staging allows your sound system to achieve the best signal-to-noise ratio.

How loud should your mix be before mastering?

I recommend mixing at -23 dB LUFS, or having your peaks be between -18dB and -3dB. This will allow the mastering engineer the opportunity to process your song, without having to resort to turning it down.

What volume should I mix at with headphones?

Here at Sweetwater, we talk frequently about mixing at safe volume levels (the sweet spot is around 70dB–85dB). This is important no matter how you’re listening to your mix, but with headphones it’s absolutely vital — after all, there are drivers situated less than an inch from your ears!

Should you EQ or compress first?

Each position, EQ pre (before) or EQ post (after) compression produces a distinctly different sound, a different tonal quality and coloration. As a rule, using EQ in front of your compressor produces a warmer, rounder tone, while using EQ after your compressor produces a cleaner, clearer sound.